Paramedics work with emergency medical services and give pre-hospital treatment to patients. The most common paramedics that we encounter are those who transport patients between facilities in ambulances. They need to have a good grasp of what to do when in need of an emergency and it is their responsibility to give the best care possible to the patients before they reach the hospital.
They tend to primarily work in caregiving units like aviation medicine, paramedics for the police force and urban search rescue teams. However, a majority of paramedics are involved with the emergency medical services unit.
Paramedical courses are available at degree, diploma and certificate level. The duration of the course can be anywhere btw 6 months to 4 years.
There is a lot of travel involved in this job, as it is their primary goal to reach people in need of medical attention. The work schedule of a paramedic is pretty hectic.
People employed in this field work for more than 45 hours a week and sometimes are required to work the night shift too. Usually, paramedics work in 12-hour shifts.
There is a wide variety of choices when it comes to the different courses offered under Paramedicine. The candidate can choose to go for a bachelors’ degree, a diploma course or a certification course. Usually, a diploma course has a duration of 2 years and a BSc has a duration of 3 years. The list of courses that come under the umbrella of Para – medicine include
Also called as radiography, this course is extremely popular and the techniques taught in this course are of great help to doctors on the field. X rays are used to get an image of the internal organs of the body and help the doctor determine what is wrong with the patient.
In this course, students learn about the different types of machines used, different types of X – rays, best practices, and many other subjects. Additionally, they are taught about the various imaging technologies used like computerized axial tomography, fluoroscopy etc. Students need to know which technique suits a situation the best.
As the name suggests, students enrolled in this course learn about the different doses of anesthesia that should be administered in different situations. This is usually the first step when going for a medical procedure and hence is extremely important. Additionally, wrong administration of doses can lead to extreme health effects.
They learn about the different procedures and requirements that need to be fulfilled before giving anesthesia and after the dose wares off.
They also need to keep a careful track of the patient’s health and make sure that they do not have a reaction to the dosage given.
Also known as physical therapy is the branch of healthcare that deals with the movement of the human body. Various techniques like annual therapy, exercise therapy, electrotherapy etc are employed in this field.
Physiotherapists are tasked with improving the mobility of certain body parts in patients after an accident. It is a long process and this course teaches the students the different approaches to be taken during the long course.
People enrolled in this course learn about the different machinery used in the process of dialysis and learn to operate them. They learn how to interpret the results that the machine gives them and make a correct diagnosis.
Dialysis is a medical process that removes waste and excess fluids from the blood of patients.
Jobs and career opportunities in Paramedical Industry
Once a candidate finishes his / her course, they have a plethora of opportunities to choose from.
These are medical professionals who are usually the first respondents in case of emergencies. They are the professionals who are assigned to ambulances and come to the aid of patients who cannot get to the hospital on their own.
They need to know what to do in different medical emergencies and are tasked with getting the patients to the nearest hospital in time. The pay of ambulance attendants starts at Rs. 17,500 per month.
Advanced Life Support Paramedic
Usually, they are assigned to the intensive care units to take care of the patients in critical conditions. They are of assistance to the doctors and give them important information about the patient’s condition.
The salary is highly dependent on the experience of the candidate. The salary of life support paramedic ranges from Rs. 1,76,000 to Rs. 3,62,000. The usually tend to work long hours as the job is highly demanding.
Critical Care Paramedic
As the name suggests, these professionals need to provide medical help to patients in critical conditions. This is an extremely important position and comes with great responsibility.
Usually, they are the first responders in a critical situation and hence they need to make quick decisions to improve the patient’s condition or at least prevent the condition from deteriorating further.
The annual salary of Critical Care Paramedic professionals in Rs. 3,35,000 and this value is highly dependent on the sector that the candidate is working in.
Their main responsibility involves being of assistance to the physician. The following are a few of their responsibilities-
- Taking medical History
- Drawing blood
- Authorizing prescription refills
- Performing basic lab tests and many more
Medical Assistants are paid a salary of Rs. 2,98,000 per annum and this value will increase with experience.
Salary in Paramedical Industry
The salary of people who have taken a paramedic course ranges from Rs. 2,20,000 to Rs. 10,00,000. As with every other profession, the salary increases with experience. Additionally, the private sector is said to offer more in comparison to the public sector.
The healthcare industry is looking for candidates who have a good grasp of medical concepts and act accordingly in situations of pressure. Candidates entering this field are expected to have some practical knowledge and hence it is advised that the students do as many internships. This will help them to get a sense of how the industry works and what is expected of them.
Here, is the list of recruiters for paramedics.
- Apollo Hospitals
- Fortis Hospital
- Nanavati Hospital
- Manipal Hospital
- MaxCure Hospital
- Billroth Hospital
- Artemis Hospital
- Columbia Asia Referral Hospital
- Max Superspeciality Hospital
Ever hospital or caregiving institute is in need of paramedics and hence people who specialize in this field have a wide range of opportunities.
The students enrolled in this course learn about the different medical emergencies that the human body can develop and learn about the different techniques to combat such issues.
A medical injury is defined as an illness that poses a threat to the human life and paramedics, being the first responders should know how to tackle such situation. This is the core of this course.
Additionally, the students are given numerous opportunities to gain practical knowledge that will greatly help them in understanding the work that they are entrusted with.
This course focuses on many life-threatening injuries and provides ways to give care to such individuals before they can reach the hospital. Considered to be one of the most sought-after courses, it is extremely popular.
There are many protocols in place that these professionals need to follow while administering care and hence this course gives its students a thorough understanding of these protocols.
Additionally, the course is structured in such a way that it provides enough practical knowledge in the form of projects that will definitely improve the standards and understanding of the students.
This course deals with the study of drugs, specifically the action of drugs on the human body. The students enrolled in this course get to learn the effects that different chemicals have on the human body and based on this, they are tasked with developing new drugs that can help combat health issues.
This course is a combination of biology and chemistry. This course can also be divided into two subdivisions namely effects of naturally occurring chemicals and effects of synthetic chemicals on the human body.
Courses & Subjects
||· X-Rays – Features and Use
· Film and Digital Mammography
· Magnetic Resonance Imaging
· Computerized axial tomography
||· Human Anatomy
· Concepts of renal disease
· Pharmacology related to dialysis technology
||· Human Anatomy
· Effects of different sedatives on the human body
· Blood Fluids
· Muscle Function
· Basic Nursing
· Manual therapy
· Exercise therapy
Top colleges offering Paramedical courses in India
Below is a list of some of the popular colleges in India offering paramedical courses–
|All India Institute of Medical Science
|Christian Medical College
|Maulana Azad Medical College
|St Xaviers College
|Armed Forces Medical College
|Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education & Research
|Grant Medical College
|Madras Medical College
|Lady Hardinge Medical College
|Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University
|King George’s Medical College
Let’s look at some renowned colleges that provide this course in detail:
All India Institute of Medical Sciences
This is the first university that student’s turn to when they want to pursue a course in medicine. With an excellent teaching faculty and infinite resources, this university makes sure that students are given everything needed to have a successful career. They offer undergraduate and postgraduate courses. The courses offered in this prestigious university are as follows:
- Medical Technology
- Paramedic Course
- Ophthalmic Techniques
The number of seats offered is extremely small when compared to the number of applicants. Admission is through AIIMS Paramedical Entrance Exam. The eligibility criterion for the same is the clearance of 10+2 with English, Physics, Chemistry, and Biology.
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Christian Medical College
This is a private university located in Tamil Nadu, which is extremely popular for its dedication towards its students. The courses offered in this course are as follows:
- B.Sc in Radiology Imaging Technology
- B.SC in Critical Care
- B.Sc in Dialysis technology
- B.Sc in Medical Sociology
All students applying to this university have to give the NEET exam and submit their scores with the application form. This fee differs from course to course and can be in the range of Rs. 1,12,000 to Rs. 8,50,000.
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Armed Forces Medical College
As the name suggests this college is managed by the Indian Armed Forces and hence most of the students graduating from this university pursue a career in the army. The fee for one year amounts to Rs. 61,000. The college provides exceptional facilities to its students with an overall exposure of medical field.
Here are the courses offered at this university.
- Bachelor of Surgery
- Master of Surgery
- Bachelor of Paramedical technology
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Madras Medical College
Established in 1835, this university has a long history and stellar reputation when it comes to educating the young minds of our country. The courses offered at this university are as follows:
- Bachelor of Pharmacy
- Diploma in Nursing
- Paramedical Certificate Courses
The fees for the different courses offered are extremely affordable. For example, the fees for MBBS are a mere Rs. 26,000. This institute is known for opening up new avenues for its students.
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Sri Ramachandra University
This is a deemed university which has made great strides in education. Considered to be one of the top medical universities in India, it makes sure that every student who comes through their doors leaves with an amazing career. The fees for one year amounts to Rs. 1,50,000. The following are the courses offered at this institution
- Critical Care Medicine
They get many of the top hospitals to come to their campus to recruit students. Additionally, they take many students to their hospital for a better understanding of theoretical concepts and practical knowledge. They also provide internship opportunities.
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Requirements for Paramedical course
The requirements for this course are as follows:
- The candidate should have secured a minimum of 50% in their 10th and 12th
- The candidate has to be of the age of 17 or above.
Additionally, all the students looking to pursue medicine in India should write the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) to apply to any medical college. A candidate can only attempt the exam a maximum of three times and should cross the cutoff to secure an admission.
Scope of Paramedical in India
They can be employed in the private or public sector with a plethora of jobs and opportunities in both the sectors. With new diseases being discovered, there is a constant need for proficient and talented professionals in this field. The healthcare industry is ever growing and hence its scope is widespread.
Considered to be one of the fastest growing industries, it offers employment to a large portion of the population. With an increase in the number of diseases and the number of people getting affected by these diseases, the need for pre-medical emergencies is on the rise.
The healthcare industry size is expected to touch USD280 billion by the end of 2020 with great strides being made every day. Candidates also have a plethora of opportunities to pursue their higher studies or get into the research field.
The need for better healthcare is exceptionally important and this can only be achieved with dedicated people working towards the betterment of this industry.