What is CLAT?
The Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) is conducted by one of the 21 National Law Universities (NLU) on a rotational basis. The CLAT 2018 Examination will be conducted by NUALS Kochi (The National University of Advanced Legal Studies Kochi) on May 13th, 2018.
The exam is to be held at 65 examination centers throughout India and will act as a channel for aspirants to get admission in 21 NLUs. Candidates can be admitted into various Undergraduate level and Post Graduate Law programs on appearing for this examination.
Overview of the Common Law Admission Test
|Name of Examination
||Common Law Admission Test 2018
|Commonly known As
|Date of Examination
||May 13th, 2018 for 3:00 PM to 5:00 PM
|Type of Examination
|Undergraduate and Post Graduate
|Level of Examination
- Five Year Integrated LLB (Hons.) (UG)
- One Year LLM Course (PG)
|Colleges accepting the exam scores
||1. National Law School of India University, Bangalore
2. NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad
3. National Law Institute University, Bhopal
4. The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata
5. National Law University, Jodhpur, Jodhpur
6. Hidayatullah National Law University, Raipur
7. Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar
8. Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia National Law University, Lucknow
9. Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Patiala
10. Chanakya National Law University, Patna
11. National University of Advanced Legal Studies, Kochi
12. National Law University, Delhi
13. National Law University Odisha, Cuttack
14. National University of Study and Research in Law, Ranchi
15. National Law School and Judicial Academy, Assam, Guwahati
16. DamodaramSanjivayya National Law University, Visakhapatnam
17. Tamil Nadu National Law School, Trichy
18. Maharashtra National Law University, Mumbai
19. Maharashtra National Law University, Nagpur
20. Himachal Pradesh National Law University, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh
21. Maharashtra National Law University, Aurangabad
A few other private organizations also give admissions based on the obtained CLAT score.
Structure and Pattern of the Examination
|Mode of Examination
||The examination is only in online format
|Duration of the Examination
|Total Number of Questions in the examination
|Maximum Number of Possible Marks
|Language of Examination
|Type of questions
||All questions are of the objective type i.e. they are multiple choice questions
||Each correct answer is awarded one mark whereas each incorrect answer is penalized with a deduction of 1/4th mark. No marks are awarded or deducted in case of not attempting the question.
|Sections and their Weightage
|The exam consists of five different sections, namely:
- English – 40 marks and hence 40 questions
- Elementary Mathematics- 20 marks and hence 20 questions
- General Knowledge/ Current Affairs- 50 marks and hence 50 questions
- Logical Reasoning- 40 marks and hence 40 questions
- Legal Reasoning- 50 marks and hence 50 questions
No specific time allotment exists for each section.
- All those candidates applying for the examination must either be an Indian citizen or a Non- Resident Indian (NRI) or for the NRI sponsored category.
- Candidates must be below or of the age of 20 years as of 1st July 2018.
- Candidates must be below or of the age of 22 years as of 1st July 2018 in case of SC/ST/ OBC/Specially Abled Persons (SAP) category candidates.
- Another criterion to appear for the examination is the candidate must meet the below conditions in regards to their Qualifying Examination (i.e 10+2 examination)-
(i) Forty-five percent (45%) marks must be obtained in case of candidates belonging to Unreserved /OBC /Specially Abled Persons (SAP) and other categories, and
(ii) Forty Percent (40%) marks must be obtained in case of candidates belonging to SC/ST categories.
- Candidates who are appearing in the qualifying examination in March/April 2017 i.e in their 12th standard will also be eligible to appear in the CLAT-2017 online examination. But, such candidates will be required to provide evidence of them passing their qualifying examination at the time of admission. If they fail to do so, they shall lose their right to be considered for admission.
- The result of qualifying examination (i.e., 10+2) must be submitted by the candidate at the time of admission if they fail to do so, the candidate will not be eligible for admission to the Course.
- All Candidates must have a three-year LLB degree or a three-year integrated LLB degree or another equivalent degree from a Recognized Board/University.
- All candidates must have obtained at least 55% marks in aggregate in their qualifying degree examination.
- A relaxation of 5% marks is provided i.e. they need to have 50% marks in the qualifying LLB degree exam if the candidate belongs to the SC/ST category.
- Candidates who are appearing in the qualifying examination in March/April 2017 will also be eligible to appear in the CLAT-2017 online examination. But, such candidates will be required to provide evidence of them passing their qualifying examination at the time of admission. If they fail to do so, they will lose their right to be considered for admission.
The application process is completely online. One can begin their application procedure by visiting the official CLAT website. The application process for the year 2018 will begin on January 1st, 2018 and end on March 31st, 2018.
- The candidate must begin by clicking on the “Apply Online” button and then creating username and password. The candidate must register themselves with the required details. Details such as Name, Date of Birth, Email ID will need to be filled out.
- The Email ID and phone number must be filled out properly as all correspondence will happen via email and SMS.
- After the creation of Username and Password, a candidate must login with these credentials to access the rest of the application.
- After reading the set of instructions given, the candidate will have to proceed to fill out the application. More personal details will need to be filled out here.
- All relevant certificates will need to be kept nearby to fill out details accurately.
- Next, the candidate will need to select their preference of the present National Law Universities. Candidates will not have an option to modify these later so these options must be ranked carefully.
- Next, relevant documents will need to be uploaded in a scanned format along with a photograph and signature in mentioned dimension and size.
- The next section is the payment section. The application fee is 4000 INR and 3500 INR for candidates from the SC/ST category. Payment can be done in both online and offline modes.
- In the ONLINE mode, one can proceed via debit/credit card or net banking. In the offline mode, the candidate will need to download the Challan and visit the nearest ICICI Bank Branch and deposit the needed amount. The candidate is advised to keep the Candidate Copy of Challan for future reference.
- Finally, after reviewing and submitting the application, one can print out a copy for future reference.
The admit card can be downloaded for a specified date that will be released by the institute conducting the CLAT 2018 examination. Candidates will be able to access their admit card by filling out their login credentials. The admit card will consist of details such as date and time of examination, exam center, hall ticket number and so on. It is mandatory to not only carry this to the examination hall but also keep it for further reference as it will be needed to check the result.
The admit cards can be downloaded by logging in using the username and password.
- Candidates are allotted seats for CLAT admissions on ‘merit-cum-preference’ basis. This means the admission process will take place based on the CLAT score that the candidate obtains. According to the list of preferences that a candidate had initially filled in, they will be given admission.
- Only those students that meet the cutoff will be able to take part in the counselling procedure.
- The concerned authorities will release a first admission list based on the above criteria. Candidates who have been allotted a seat will have the option to choose one of the three options.
- Lock- They decide to stick with the institute and program that they have been allotted.
- Shifting- Candidates are not satisfied with their current allotment and would like to participate in the further round to go higher up on their preference list.
- Withdrawal- A candidate can choose to exit the counselling procedure before the final allotments have been made.
Consequent rounds take place and the aspirants can choose any of the above-mentioned options. In case the aspirant decides to accept the seat in an institute, they must reserve their seat by paying 50,000 INR. This happens in the reporting center along with certificate verification. After finalizing their seat, they pay the rest of their admission fee to their respective NLU.
CLAT stands for Common Law Admission Test and this exam is conducted by The National University of Advanced Legal Studies. On writing this exam, candidates will be eligible for the following courses:
- BA LLB (Hons)
- LLM Programmes
- B.Com LLB (Hons)
- BSW LLB (Hons)
- B.Sc LLB (Hons)
The notifications for the exam start by early December 2017 and the registration process will start tentatively from January 2018. All interested candidates are advised to check the official website for the notifications and other details. Candidates applying for this exam are requested to go through the eligibility criteria before applying.
Additionally, there are many organizations that consider this exam for their recruitment process too. Some of them are:
- Indian Oil Corporation Limited
- Power Grid Corporation of India Limited
- Power grid Corporation of India Limited
- National Thermal Power Corporation Limited
The questions in the exam will be asked from the following subjects:
- Legal Aptitude
- Logical Reasoning
- General Knowledge
- Current Affairs
The following are the topics in each section:
|· Reading Comprehension
· Idioms and Phrases
· One word substitution
· Sentence Improvement
· Rearrangement of words
· Fill in the blanks
· Spotting errors
· Inappropriate usage of words
|General Knowledge and Current Affairs
|· Books and Authors
· Latest Happenings
· Important People
· Events of National and International importance
· Important places
|· Number systems
· Surds and Indices
· Square Roots
· Fractions and Decimals
· Ratio and Proportion
· Profit and Loss
|· International Law
· Legal Terms
· Legal Maxims
· Family Law
· Criminal Law
· Indian Constitution
|Contracts and Torts
|· Logical Reasoning
· Direction and Distance Test
· Statements Assumptions
· Statements Conclusions
· Classification Test
· Coding and Decoding
· Time Sequence
· Sentence Improvement
It is important to know the timeline for the exam as this helps students finish the formalities on time and helps them to prepare for the exam accordingly. The following is the timeline for the exam:
|Start of online application process
||1st January 2018
|End of online application
||31st March 2018
|Release of admit cards
||20th April 2018
||13th Mat 2018
|Answer Key release
||15th May 2018
||31st May 2018
|First seat allotment list released
||7th June 2018
|Second seat allotment list released
||16th June 2018
|Last date for withdrawal
||19th June 2018
|Third seat allotment list released
||24th June 2018
|Release of second allotment list
||2nd week of June 2018
|Close of admissions
||6th July 2018
For a complete detail timeline, visit the official website.
List of exam centers
This exam is conducted all across the country and the following is a list of all the exam centers:
· Greater Noida
· Navi Mumbai
The conducting authority makes sure that the exam is conducted in as many places across the country to make it accessible to as many aspirants as possible.
Common Law Admission Test
Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia National Law University, Lucknow
Sec – D1, LDA Colony
Kanpur Road Scheme
Colleges accepting this score
The following is a list of all the top colleges that accept the score of CLAT to offer admissions:
- National Law School of India University (NLSIU), Bangalore
- National Academy of Legal Study and Research University of Law, Hyderabad
- National Law Institute University (NLIU), Bhopal
- The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences (WBNUJS), Kolkata
- National Law University (NLUJ), Jodhpur
- Hidayatullah National Law University (HNLU), Raipur
- Gujarat National Law University (GNLU), Gandhinagar
- Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University, Lucknow
- Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Patiala
- Chanakya National Law University, Patna
- National University of Advanced Legal Studies (NUALS)
- National Law University Odisha, Cuttack
- National University of Study and Research in Law, Ranchi
- National Law University and Judicial Academy, Assam
- Damodaran Sanjivaya National Law University, Visakhapatnam
- The Tamil Nady National Law School (TNNLS) Tiruchirappalli
- Maharashtra National Law University, Mumbai
- Maharashtra Nationa law University Nagpur
- Maharashtra National Law University, Aurangabad
Apart from the above-mentioned colleges, there are a few private colleges that also offer admissions based on the CLAT score.
- Alliance University Bangalore
- Asian Law School, Noida
- Amity University, Uttar Pradesh
- Azim Premji University, Bangalore
- Delhi Institute of Rural Development, Delhi
- Dish Law School Raipur
- Galgotias Universit Uttar Pradesh
- Geeta Institute of Law, Panipat
- Harlal School of Law, Uttar Pradesh
- IFIM Law College Karnataka
- Indore Institute of Law, Indore
- Jagannath University, Jaipur
- JIMS Engineering Management Technical Campus School of Law, Uttar Pradesh
- Kirit P Mehta School of Law, Mumbai
- Lloyd Law College, Uttar Pradesh
- Maharaja Surajmal Brij Universit, Bharatpur
- SRM University, Delhi – NCR, Sonipat
- REVA University, Bangalore
- Renaissance Law School, Indore
- Vivekananda Global University, Jaipur
- Raffles University, Rajasthan
- Shri Vaishnav Institute of Law, Indore
Every college decides its own cut off marks and candidates have to score above this minimum mark to get an admission into that university. It is advised that candidates have a look at the cut off marks for various universities before applying. The following table shows the cut off ranks for a few the participating NLU’s for the year 2017 and 2016:
|National Law School of India University
|National Law Institute University
|National Academy of Legal Studies and Research
|Maharashtra National Law University, Mumbai
|Tamil Nadu National Law School
|National University of Study and Research in Law
|National Law University and Judicial Academy
|Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law
|Gujarat National Law University
|National Law University Odisha
|National Law University Jodhpur
The score of the CLAT exam is valid only for a year.
Reservations / Seat Distributions
In most of the institutions, 3% of the seats are reserved for candidates belonging to the PWD category. Additionally, many colleges also provide reservations for women. For example, for the year 2017, the total number of undergraduate law seats available was 2342. Out of this number, 1480 seats were reserved for all India seats, 604 seats were reserved for state category seats and 258 seats were reserved for special category seats. Different colleges have different breakup of seats. The following table gives the breakup for different colleges:
||All India Seats
||State wise seats
|National Law Institute University, Bhopal
|NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad
|WB National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata
|National Law University, Jodhpur
|Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University (RMLNLU), Lucknow
|National University of Advanced Legal Studies, Kerala
|National Law University, Odisha
To know the split up of seats for each college, candidates are requested to visit the official website of the college.
The first merit list will be released during the first week of June 2018. Once the list is released, students will have to lock their seats, which essentially is a form of confirmation of the seat. Once a candidate accepts their seat, they will have to proceed forward to pay the fees. Once the first round of counseling is done, the merit list for the second round of counseling is released where candidates will have to follow the same procedure as mentioned above.
When a candidate is allotted a seat, he/she can exercise the following two options:
- Lock – confirming the seat
- Upward Shifting – Candidates looking for a better seat will opt for this option. In case any vacancies open up, candidates who have opted for this option will be given these seats.
Based on the availability of seats, many rounds of counseling will be conducted. Typically, 4 rounds of counseling will be conducted. The counseling proceedings are closed by the month of July and candidates are requested to pay the fees as soon as they finalize their seats.
It is advised that candidates practice on the sample papers and previous year papers. In doing so, candidates get an idea on how the questions will be structured in the exam. It also gives the candidates an idea of their preparation level.
Previous year sample papers could be found at-