Electronics And Communication Engineering - Careers, Salary, Jobs, Scope

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Course Name Electrical and Communication Engineering
Duration 4 years
Level -Degree/Diploma UG & PG Degree
Mode Full Time
Eligibility Graduation with at least 45-50%
Expected fee Rs 50,000- Rs 12,00,000
Average Starting Salary Rs 30,500
Tests Accepted JEE Main/JEE Advanced/VITEEE/MH-CET
Top recruiting companies IM, Nokia, Toshiba, ISRO, Sony, Intel, Mahindra and Mahindra, ONGC


Electrical and Communication Engineering is the combination of electronics and computer technology. It revolves around the design and development of various electrical equipments in line with the advancing technology, usually for communication.

Cell phones, televisions, WIFI and many other communication tools that we employ in our day to day activities are all the fruits of electrical and communication engineers. This specialization is a blend of many different subjects; core subjects include mathematics, electrical, computers and physics.

Students can also check out our Electrical Engineering Article. 

Graduates in this field have a wide range of options laid out in front of them. They are needed in electronics manufacturing industry, Telecommunications industry, IT and many other vital sectors of our society including healthcare. They usually spend 8 hours a day working and there is not much travel involved in their work.


There are a plethora of options waiting for ECE graduates and based on their field of interest, they can choose the job that they want. Here is a list of the most common positions offered to ECE graduates.

Communications Engineer

These engineers work with equipments used in the communications industry like radio, satellites, broadband technologies and many more. They study the existing communication technologies and methodologies and are required to come up with new methods that are cost effective and efficient. On an average communications engineers are paid Rs. 3,67,742.

Electronics Engineer

They are tasked with the development of various electrical equipments like microprocessors, microcontrollers, diodes, transistors etc. This field covers many subfields like embedded systems, signal processing, computer engineering, telecommunications and hence an electronics engineer should have an in depth knowledge of these concepts.

The average salary of an electronics engineer is Rs. 3,12,408. However, this number is likely to increase with experience.

Electrical Technician

These are the professionals we turn to when we face problems with our electrical equipments. They need to know how different electrical gadgets work and should be able to fix the problems with the working of the gadgets.

They are paid Rs. 1,91,000 per annum and this number increases with experience. However, people tend to move onto other jobs after gaining enough experience.

Field Test Engineer

These engineers work on the field, helping the customers with their product, communicating the needs of the customers to the company, making technical drawings to assist the company for a better understanding of the problem and many others tasks.

Additionally, they are responsible for testing the product by scheduling test sessions at various stages of development. Their average annual salary is Rs. 3,68,148.

Electronics and Communications Consultant

These are the professionals that companies and the public turn to when they need to make a purchase. These engineers advice clients on the right choice of products or on the right investments.

Usually, companies turn to them when in doubt or when in need of guidance. These engineers need to update themselves with the recent happenings in the field. Usually, these professionals make Rs. 3,50,000 annually.


The salary of electrical and communications engineers range from Rs. 1,97,000 to Rs. 10,00,000. Experience plays an important role in this field. Freshers usually are given an average salary of Rs. 3,50,000, with experienced professionals getting a much higher value.

Salary in this field is highly determined by the candidate’s knowledge about the field. Companies usually look for students who have a good understanding of the basic concepts. Students are encouraged to attend seminars, workshops and internships for a better understanding of the industry and its know-how.


Electrical equipments are used in every kind of industry and this gives rise to the need for electrical and communications engineer is every sector of the industry. That is one of the main reasons for the plethora of jobs that are available for people with a degree in electrical and communications engineering.

Few top companies that need electrical and communication engineers are as follows:

  • BEL
  • BHEL
  • Essar
  • Coal India
  • IM
  • Nokia
  • Toshiba
  • ISRO
  • Sony
  • Intel
  • Mahindra and Mahindra
  • ONGC
  • Philips Semiconductor
  • LG Electronics


Specialization Detail
Power Systems
  • Electricity is the main area of study of this specialization. People who opt for power systems as their field of specialization will study the different techniques used to generate electric power and the working of all the related electrical equipments.
  • A few major concepts include electricity generation, transmission and distribution of this generated electricity and security of power systems.
  • As the name suggests, micro electronics is the study of electrical equipments that are small in size. With advancements in technologies, people tend to look for equipments that have high performance and also take up less space.
  • Students who opt for this specialization need to come up with strategies to combine high performance with compact design. They study about different electrical equipments like transistors, diodes, resistors etc which can be commonly found in micro electrical equipments.
Signal Processing and communication
  • Students enrolled in this specialization deal with the communication mechanisms that are employed. They study the different types of signals involved in communication, conversion of signals from one form to another, different instruments involved in transferring signals from one point to another and are tasked with making the designs better.
  • They learn the details of wired and wireless connections, the pros and cons of both the methods among many other things.
Electro physics
  • This field revolves around the connections between magnetism and electricity. The main focus of this specialization is on the topic ‘electromagnetic force’. People going for this specialization have a lot of opportunities in the research field.
  • Additionally, students are encouraged to pursue many real time projects to enhance their knowledge.
VLSI Design
  • VLSI stands for very large scale integration. This specialization teaches the students about the electrical equipments that are designed for large scale industries.
  • Usually, it deals with the mechanisms employed to combine different electrical equipments into one single electrical board. VLSI introduces ways to combine many components like CPU’s, transistors, diodes, resistors in one single chip. This enhances the performance of the entire electrical system, saving time and improving performance.


The syllabus is vast and involves numerous important concepts that are needed for the student’s career. The syllabus is so structured that the students get a gentle introduction to the field and build up their concepts.

  • Fire Optics Systems
  • Telecommunication networks
  • Wireless networks
  • Speech and audio processing
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Digital Communication systems
  • Robotics
  • Advanced mathematical concepts
  • Signal Processing Techniques
  • Communication Theory


College Eligibility Criteria Fee
Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee
  • Minimum 75% in class 12th
  • Score in JEE Advanced 2018
Rs 6.30 lakhs
Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani
  • At least 75% in class 12th
  • BITSAT score
Rs 12.00 lakhs
Delhi Technology University
  • Minimum 60% in class 12th
  • Score in JEE Main 2018
Rs 6.40 lakhs
Anna University, Chennai
  • Minimum 50% in class 12th
  • Score in TNEA 2018
Rs 1.20 lakhs
Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad
  • Minimum 75% in class 12th
  • Score in JEE Advanced 2018
Rs 8.00 lakhs
National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli
  • Minimum 75% in class 12th
  • Score in JEE Main 2018
Rs 5.80 lakhs
Netaji Subhas Institute of Technology
  • Minimum 75% in class 12th
  • Score in JEE Main 2018
Rs 2.50 lakhs
Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore
  • Minimum 60% in class 12th
  • Score in VITEEE 2018
Rs 8.00 lakhs
College of Engineering, Pune
  • Minimum 55% in class 12th
  • Score in MH-CET 2018
Rs 2.16 lakhs
Thapar Institute of Engineering and Technology, Patiala
  • Minimum 60% in class 12th
  • Score in JEE Main 2018
Rs 10.80 lakhs
Punjab Engineering College, Chandigarh
  • Minimum 75% in class 12th
  • Score in JEE Main 2018
Rs 2.50 lakhs
Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal
  • Clearing class 12th
  • Score in JEE Main 2018
 Rs 2.2 lakhs


The requirements for pursuing this specialization are pretty simple and straight forward.

  • The candidate should have scored 50% or above in their 10th
  • The candidate should have scored 50% or above in their 12th

Additionally, many private colleges keep separate exams that one needs to clear if he / she need an admission in that college, so keep yourself updated for such exams. A few exams that you should know about are as follows:

  • DCE CEE – conducted by Delhi College of Engineering
  • VITEEE – conducted by Vellore Institute of Technology
  • KIITEE – Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology
  • AUEEE – Annamalai University
  • AEEE – Amrita Engineering College

Additionally, many states have their own exams for people seeking admissions to government colleges located in those states. A few of them are as follows:

  • WBJEE – West Bengal
  • MHT-CET – Maharashtra
  • Karnataka CET – Karnataka


Electricity and communication are two important components of today’s industry that are irreplaceable. The major driving force for this field is the rapid progress that is being made in the IT sector. Electronics are being used in every sector ranging from the transportation industry to healthcare.

This field touches numerous topics like computer science, instrumentation, fiber optics, power systems, testing, manufacturing etc. And due to its wide reach, graduates can find numerous opportunities to pursue in the field of electronics and communications.

Some people tend to start working as soon as they finish their bachelor’s degree while others go for higher studies. With increasing modernization, our needs for electronic goods and services will only increase and this broadens the scope of this field.

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