Engineering courses are one of the most sought academic programmes after twelfth. More than 12 lakh students annually appear for various engineering examination and seek admission in the top technological institutions. Numbers of exams are conducted on the state as well as National level so that most skilled and talented students can be provided admission in various colleges.
General Exam Criteria
The candidate who wishes to pursue engineering course from any of the technological institution across India needs to have passed his 12th will Maths, Physics and Chemistry as his core subject. He/she should have a minimum age of 16 years and also should have secured more than 50% in his secondary examination. The candidates belonging to the OBC section get a relaxation of 5% which means they are allowed to seek admission if they have passed their secondary examination with 45% of marks.
General Exam Structure
The entrance examination conducted for admission to various technological institutions generally consists of three subjects i.e. Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry. The entire paper consists of around 80-200 questions which are to be answered in the time span of 3 or to the max 4 hours. Normally all the questions asked are of objective types, and carry equal weightage. Some papers consist of negative marking while some examinations such as EAMCET do not have any such criteria.
Almost all of the national or state level examinations consist of the questions asked from the three subjects mentioned above. However, the weightage of questions in each section may vary depending upon the examinations.
After the result is declared then the students are allotted institutes either through the counselling rounds or through the institution conducting the examination.
Popular Engineering Examinations
Some of the popular examinations that are conducted for admission to various technological institutes are as follows:
- JEE MAIN
- JEE Advanced
- BITSAT (Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission Test)
- ENAT (EPSI National Admission Test)
- VITEE (Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Examination)
- NAT (National Aptitude Test)
- MERI Entrance Exam (Marine Engineering and Research Institute Entrance Examination)
- KCET(Karnataka Common Entrance Test)
- TNEA(Tamil Nadu Engineering Admissions)
- APEAMCET(Andhra Pradesh Engineering Agricultural Medical Common Entrance Test)
- BIHAR CET
- WB JEE (West Bengal Joint Entrance Examination)
- IPU CET (Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University Common Entrance Test)
- ORRISA JEE
- AIEEE (All India Engineering Entrance Examination)
For post-graduate engineering courses -
The candidate in most of the cases is required to register for these examinations either on the official site of the institute conducting the examination or on the website of the board conducting these examinations. Once this is done than the candidate is required to fill in his/her details and attach all his original documents such as mark sheet, signature sample, photographs etc. After all these formalities have been done then the candidate is required to pay the requisite fee which usually ranges from Rs. 500 to Rs. 2000/-. Mode of payment is either online or is offline. Online payments can be made through debit/credit cards. Offline payment modes may include bank challan etc. Keep in mind that you meet the minimum eligibility criteria before applying for the examinations.
After this process the admit card of the candidate can be downloaded at the given date and time and then the candidate can appear for the registered examination. Once the score or the result has been out, the candidate is then required to report to the allotted institution or location to get his/her documents verified only after which the admission of a candidate is confirmed.
These engineering examinations usually last for around 3 to 4 hours. In case of examinations such as JEE advanced where two papers are held the candidate is given a break of 1 or 2 hours and then the second examination is held.
Almost all of the engineering examinations are known to contain 3 sections namely Maths, Physics and Chemistry. The questions that are asked within these sections are known to contain topics covered in 11th and 12th year of schooling. Although the type of questions asked may differ and so may their weightage, but these examinations are known to contain certain fixed topics which are:
- Matrices and Determinants
- Three Dimensional Geometry
- Theory of Equations
- Sets and Functions
- Complex Numbers
- Permutations and Combinations
- Limit and Continuity
- Binomial Theorem
- Chemical Kinetics
- Chemical Bonding
- Ionic Equilibrium
- Chemical Thermodynamics
- Gaseous State
- Alcohol Phenol and Ether
- Redox Reactions
- Atomic Structure
- Surface Chemistry
- Current Electricity
- Heat and Thermodynamics
- Wave Motion
- Simple Harmonic Motion
- Laws of Motion
- Ray Optics
- Vector Motion
- Motion in 2D