India has a robust education system that focuses on the quantitative aspects that is very much required professionally. Indian schooling as is standard, involves 12 years of schooling with a public examination in the 10th grade, as well as in the 12th grade. The student is expected to choose his stream and continue to college after 12th. This perhaps is the most crucial time in an Indian student’s life.
Indian education is primarily dominated by Entrance examinations, which allow meritorious aspirants to secure admissions to prestigious institutions throughout the country. These exams provide students with a streamlined procedure through grading and cut-offs for a painless admission procedure. Some of the very famous entrance examinations in India include the JEE Mains, MAT, NDA entrance exam, CAT, and the GATE.
India owing to its very large population has a pressurized education system, but does of course have a few world-class institutions to cater to the educational needs of the masses. Admissions into these institutions are competitive and require qualifying marks as well as a good ranking in the respective examination.
Following is a list of a few very much acclaimed centrally funded prestigious institutions
- All India Institute of Medical Sciences – Delhi, Mandi – Himachal Pradesh (AIIMS)
- All India Institute of Speech and Hearing – Mysore (AIISH)
- Indian Institute of Foreign Trade – New Delhi (IIFT)
- Indian Institute of Information Technology (IIIT)
- Indian Institute of Management (IIMs)
- Indian Institute of Technology (IITs)
- Indian School of Mines – Dhanbad (ISM)
- National Institute of Technology (NITs)
- Indian Institute of Science (IISc)
- Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IIST)
Many of these institutions offer undergraduate courses, graduate as well as PhD courses and research scholar positions. The admissions are through their own respective admissions test while some do have a standardized test. Similarly, the states also do have very many institutions that are aided, which are well known.
The Indian examination system is structured fairly well, and many examinations allow students to be eligible for a large number of institutions in a particular subject. Following is a list of a few important entrance examinations according to the stream of education:
These entrance examinations follow a mostly objective type question paper, and result usually in a merit list based on the ranking of the students. The admission to the college is offered on the basis of score in the public examination as well as the ranking cut-offs in the entrance examination. After the results are announced, students are often called for counseling procedure where the students are allowed to take decision of choosing the college, and make the final decision.
It must also be noted that many colleges use the entrance examination as only one component of the application, to conduct a more holistic test of the student. Some other institutions, especially the management and arts institutions perform elaborate interviews, and group discussion rounds before the admission of the candidate.
This entrance examination procedure has been followed since a long time in India, and has proved its worth. The Indian education system although has caused an immense proliferation in coaching institutions tailored to train for the entrance examination, has proved to be one of the foolproof methods to test students for their ability. This method of admission therefore completely dominates the higher education scenario in India.